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The Mobile Crane Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) is a comprehensive document outlining the safety steps for the primary use of Mobile Cranes for raising or lowering a freely suspended load and moving it horizontally.
This SWMS does not cover the use of Tower Cranes, Bridge Cranes, Gantry Cranes, or Telehandlers. Nor does this SWMS cover the use of a Mobile Crane for lifting persons in Work Boxes or for Critical Lifts (the lifting of loads requiring two or more Cranes) in sufficient detail
A Mobile Crane means an item of plant that:
- Is used primarily for raising or lowering a freely suspended load and moving it horizontally, including the supporting structure of the crane and it’s foundations;
- Is capable of travelling over a supporting surface without the need for fixed runways (including railway tracks); and
- Relies only on gravity for stability, with no vertical restraining connection between itself and the supporting surface, and no horizontal restraining connection (other than frictional forces at supporting-surface level) that may act as an aid to stability.
The plant designs and items of some types of cranes, including Mobile Cranes, must be registered under the WHS Regulations.
A range of multi-purpose powered mobile plant, including multi-purpose tool carriers and telescopic handlers, may be classed as cranes in some operating configurations. These types of plant require the relevant plant design and item registration.
Persons Conducting a Business or Undertaking (PCBU) must, before allowing a Crane to come onto site, first check with their relevant State Regulators to determine the plant registration and licencing requirements of the specific Crane and its intended use.
Main hazards include:
- Moving / falling objects
- Structural failure - A crane component, including the boom, jib, hydraulic rams or wire rope could suffer structural failure without warning.
- Crane - Overturning
- Contact or collision with other plant and structures
- Musculoskeletal Disorder (MSD) from hazardous manual tasks
This SWMS includes:
This SWMS is ready to use and is not a blank template. Simply add your company details, ABN, and include any site specific details or risks and make it specific to the task at hand. It is then ready for printing and to be incorporated as part of your overall WHS System.
Failure to maintain stability is one of the key factors associated with serious crane incidents. Consider:
- Crane operation that may result in an overturning moment greater than the stabilising moment of the crane
- Ground conditions
- Means of supporting the outrigger pads or the crane tyres
- Slope of the ground—both side slope and slope in direction of crane travel
- Wind conditions—this will vary depending on the size and shape of the suspended load and crane boom
- Manner in which loads are lifted or moved, e.g. when mobilising a load a sudden stop may cause the load to swing, destabilising the crane.
Crane is set up so that it is level and can be safely rotated.
Stability will be maintained when the load is lifted and placed.
Each load is assessed in consultation with associated personnel for the need for a tag hand line. If required, where control of the load is critical, a suitable tag line should be attached.
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